Fuel is expensive even than water in some places, most crude oil producing counties are not getting it cheaper either. This made vehicle producers to find alternative, that led to introduction of hybrid which makes a vehicle to run some particular MPH on Battery, Solar or Electricity.
• Toyota launches their first Hybrid car in year 2000, Toyota Prius.
• The first Solar car was built in Mannheim, Germany by Karl Benz back there in 1885.
• In 1828, Hungarian, Ányos Jedlik invented a small-scale model car powered by an electric motor that he designed. Between 1832 and 1839 (the exact year is uncertain), Robert Anderson of Scotland invented a crude electric-powered carriage.
The syndrome is flying everywhere in Nigeria, everybody wants an hybrid car without considering the risk of owning one.
How Hybrids Work
Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be configured to obtain different objectives, such as improved fuel economy, increased power, or additional auxiliary power for electronic devices and power tools.
Some of the advanced technologies typically used by hybrids include
- Regenerative Braking. The electric motor applies resistance to the drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down. In return, the energy from the wheels turns the motor, which functions as a generator, converting energy normally wasted during coasting and braking into electricity, which is stored in a battery until needed by the electric motor.
- Electric Motor Drive/Assist. The electric motor provides additional power to assist the engine in accelerating, passing, or hill climbing. This allows a smaller, more efficient engine to be used. In some vehicles, the motor alone provides power for low-speed driving conditions where internal combustion engines are least efficient.
- Automatic Start/Shutoff.Automatically shuts off the engine when the vehicle comes to a stop and restarts it when the accelerator is pressed. This prevents wasted energy from idling.
- DISADVANTAGE Of HYBRID VEHICLE.
- having a high curb weight isn’t a disadvantage for a hybrid car, but for anyone concerned with performance it can quickly become an issue. Gasoline / electric drivetrains usually tip the scales heavier than their gas-only counterparts, due to the fact that an electric motor, battery pack, regenerative braking system, and associated cooling systems are all part and parcel of the hybrid design.
Battery packs especially can add significant weight to an automobile, which is why they are mounted as low as possible in order to preserve the vehicle’s center of gravity. Unfortunately the more performance a hybrid car offers, the larger its battery pack, which means that increasing output to deal with additional mass of takes a weight toll of its own Battery Replacement Schedules Are Unknown
The panic about failing battery packs in hybrid cars is completely unwarranted, but there are some caveats associated with the lifespan of current energy storage systems in hybrid vehicles. The most reliable data available on the long-term effects of charging and discharging a hybrid battery pack has been drawn from the first-generation Toyota Prius, which has been on the market since the 1990s. The initial analysis is quite encouraging, with older Prius models providing nearly identical fuel mileage a decade or more after their construction.
That being said, the Toyota Prius is but one player on the hybrid stage, and automakers make use of a panoply of battery suppliers, charging systems, and software management systems. This doesn’t mean that hybrid batteries are going to start dropping like flies after 100,000 miles of use – far from it, with many manufacturers providing extensive warranties that will last far past the initial ownership period of an automobile. However, that the industry’s collective experience with hybrid battery reliability is limited, and it’s difficult to project the future performance of various battery systems based solely on the information that has been gathered so far.
Plug-In Hybrid Car Infrastructure Still Isn’t There
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer the best of both worlds: a hybrid battery system that can be recharged either by braking or the vehicle’s engine, as well as the option of plugging into a wall charger and sucking juice straight from the grid. PHEV models are starting to appear in Chevrolet, Ford, and Toyota’s lineups, and their dual-charging philosophy represents a clear upgrade for efficiency-conscious drivers.
The primary issue with PHEV models, however, is that it can be quite difficult to charge up with a plug when driving outside of a major urban area. While 110-volt connections can trickle electricity into the battery at a reduced rate, a 220-volt-or-better charging post is needed to make PHEV use truly practical on a regular basis. Unfortunately, most parts of the country are still waiting for the infrastructure necessary to accommodate the charging needs of plug-in buyers, which means that if you live outside of a big city you might want to wait for reality to catch up with PHEV technology before plunking down your hard-earned cash on one of these models.
Apart from this listed disadvantages, the hybrid cars are awesome and having. I will probably get one soon.